Periodontology is a branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of oral conditions and diseases. In most cases the problem concerns the periodontium and nearby tissues – gums, periodontal ligament, alveolar ridge and root cement. Any changes in the oral cavity should never be underestimated, as untreated lesions can lead to serious health consequences, including even loss of teeth. An alarming signal is the appearance of inflammation in the oral cavity. It may indicate the accumulation of bacteria, which can lead to, among others, carious cavities or calculus accumulation.

In the case of suspected periodontal disease, time is crucial, so it is best to immediately seek periodontal care to prevent serious health complications. Our professional dentists value the patients’ trust very highly, which is why they do their best to deal with the problem as effectively as possible.

Periodontology – the most common conditions and diseases:

– bleeding gums (blood usually appears when brushing your teeth or eating hard foods)

– dental plaque

– calculus

– periodontitis (gingivitis, which if left untreated can even lead to tooth loss)

– exposed dental neck (recession)

– loosening of teeth

Disturbing symptoms – when should you visit a periodontologist?

Oral diseases manifest themselves in many different ways. The most common and the easiest to observe are:

– unpleasant smell from the mouth

– bleeding gums

– gum sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures

– clear exposure of a dental neck

Diseases of the oral cavity that a periodontologist deals with are called periodontopathies. Their causes can be very diverse. They include:

– Inadequate oral hygiene. Periodontologist believes that the basis for maintaining healthy dentition and oral cavity is regular tooth brushing with the frequency of at least two to three times a day. It is extremely important to choose a toothbrush with adequate hardness, which does not irritate the gums and does not cause micro-injuries. Hygiene is also reinforced by the use of mouth washes and dental floss that allows you to get rid of food residues from between your teeth.

– Imbalanced diet – the key to good health, not only of the oral cavity but the whole body is healthy eating. The development of periodontopathy is caused by excessive consumption of foods containing sugar and a diet that is low in vegetables and fruits, which are an invaluable source of vitamins that strengthen the body’s resistance.
– Taking stimulants – various stimulants adversely affect the body, including, of course, oral tissues. The most popular of them are alcohol and tobacco. The Periodontologist recommends restricting their use or giving up completely.

– Taking stimulants – various stimulants adversely affect the body, including, of course, oral tissues. The most popular of them are alcohol and tobacco. The Periodontologist recommends restricting their use or giving up completely.

– Malocclusion – untreated malocclusion can lead to very painful ailments and serious periodontal diseases.

– Pharmacotherapy – in some cases, the use of certain types of drugs may lead to negative effects on the oral health. These drugs include, but are not limited to, some antidepressants, hormonal drugs or antihypertensives.

 – Hormonal fluctuations – from a point of view of a periodontologist, hormonal disorders can also lead to gingivitis, and this can lead to serious health consequences.


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Periodontological treatments:

– Removal of plaque and calculus

It prevents the inflammation of periodontal tissues. These are some of the basic treatments used in the prevention and treatment of periodontopathy..

– Curettage

A treatment designed to clean gingival pockets. Pockets deepen due to periodontosis. This treatment is very often carried out in the case of periodontal disease. An experienced periodontologist removes calculus from the pocket and cleans root cement to eliminate the cause of inflammation.

Periodontal regeneration (augmentation)

It involves the surgical reconstruction of a lost or damaged tissue structure surrounding the tooth or tissues that support the tooth.

– Gingivectomy

A procedure that restores the natural shape and size of the gingiva. It may require the removal of gum overgrowths. The procedure is often performed as part of transplantation, implantology or restorative dental treatment.

– Covering gingival recession

The treatment consists in preventing the exposure of dental necks. It is not only a cosmetic procedure but also a medical one because the tooth affected by recession becomes extremely sensitive to thermal stimuli, so the consumption of hot or cold food may be associated with pain or discomfort for the patient.



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